Timeline of Bangladesh Liberation War

The Liberation War of Bangladesh had been started on March 26, 1971 and has ended on December 16, 1971. Some of the major events of the war are listed in the timeline below.

Events before the war

  • March 1: General Yahya Khan calls off the session of National Council to be held on March 3 in a radio address.
  • March 7: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman – leader of Awami League party that had won a landslide victory in East Pakistan in the Federal Elections in 1970, but never been granted authority – announces to a jubilant crowd at the Dhaka Race Course ground, “The struggle this time is the struggle for our emancipation! The struggle this time is the struggle for independence!”.
  • March 9: Workers of Chittagong port refuse to unload weapons from the ship ‘Swat’.
  • March 10: Expatriate Bengali students demonstrate in front of the United Nations Headquarters and calls for UN intervention to put an end to violence on Bengali people.
  • March 16: Yahya Khan starts negotiation with Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • March 19: Nearly 50 people die as Pakistan Army opens fire on demonstrators at Jaydevpur.
  • March 24: Pakistan Army opens fire on Bengali demonstrators in Syedpur, Rangpur and Chittagong. More than a thousand people are killed.

Events during the war
March 1971

  • March 31: Kushtia resistance begins.
  • March 27: Independence of Bangladesh is again declared by Maj. Ziaur Rahman on behalf of Father of the Nation Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • March 26: At 1.15 AM, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is arrested by the Pakistani 3 commando unit. Independence of Bangladesh is declared by Father of the nation BongoBondhu Sheikh Mujibiur Rahman few minutes before he was arrested by Pakistani occupation army. At 2.30 pm Independence of Bangladesh was declared by Awami league leader of Chittagong M. A. Hannan on behalf of Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from Kalurghat. This is Bangladesh’s official Independence Day.
  • March 25: Pakistan Army starts Operation Searchlight in Dhaka and rest of the country, attacking general civilians, political activists, students, and Bengali members of armed forces and police.

April 1971

  • April 2: Jinjira massacre.
  • April 6: The Blood Telegram
  • April 11: Radio address by Tajuddin Ahmad, the Prime Minister.
  • April 10: A provisional Bangladesh government-in-exile is formed.
  • April 12: M. A. G. Osmani takes up the command of Bangladesh Armed Forces.
  • April 17: A provisional government-in-exile took oath in Baidyanathtala (now called Mujibnagar) in Meherpur District.
  • April 18: Battle of Daruin, Comilla and Battle of Rangamati-Mahalchari waterway, Chittagong Hill Tracts.
  • April 24: Formation of Bangladesh Action Committee at Coventry, UK by non-resident Bangladeshis.
  • April 28: Tajuddin pleas for arms aid to neighbors.

May 1971

  • May 5: Gopalpur massacre.
  • May 15: Indian army starts aiding Mukti Bahini.
  • May 20:The Chuknagar massacre takes place at Khulna where the Pakistan army kills nearly 10 thousand people.
  • May 24: Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra finds home in Kolkata.

July 1971

  • July 11–17: Sector Commanders Conference 1971.

August 1971

  • August 1: The Concert for Bangladesh in Madison Square Garden, New York by George Harrison and friends.
  • August 16: Operation Jackpot, Bangladesh naval commando operation.
  • August 20: Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman’s attempt to defect by hijacking a fighter.
  • August 30: Pakistan Army crackdown on Dhaka guerrillas.

September 1971

  • September 5: Battle of Goahati, Jessore.
  • September 28: Bangladesh Air Force starts functioning.

October 1971

  • October 13: Dhaka guerrillas kill Abdul Monem Khan, governor of East Pakistan.
  • October 28: Battle of Dhalai Outpost, Srimongol.
  • October 31 to November 3: Battle of Dhalai: Indian attack from Tripura into East Pakistan to stop Pakistani cross-border shelling.

November 1971

  • November 9: Six small ships constitute the first fleet of Bangladesh Navy.
  • November 16: Battle of Ajmiriganj, an 18-hour encounter between Mukti Bahini and Pakistan army. A famous freedom fighter, Jagatyoti Das, is martyred.
  • November 20 to November 21: Battle of Garibpur: Indian attack in Boyra salient in East Pakistan
  • November 21: Bangladesh Armed Forces is formed.
  • November 22 to December 13, and sporadic fighting to December 16: Battle of Hilli: Indian attack on Bogra in East Pakistan.

December 1971

  • December 3: Bangladesh Air Force destroys Pakistani oil depots. Pakistani air attacks on India result in India declaring war on Pakistan.
  • December 4 : Battle of Longewala; Indians stop a Pakistani invasion directed at Jaisalmer.
  • December 5 : Battle of Basantar; Indians attack and take over Pakistani territory opposite Jammu.
  • December 6: Bhutan becomes the first country to recognize Bangladesh after India. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra becomes Bangladesh Betar.
  • December 7: Liberation of Jessore, Sylhet and Moulovi Bazar.
  • December 8: Operation Python: Indian naval attack on Karachi, West Pakistan.
  • December 9: Battle of Kushtia: Indian attack from West Bengal into East Pakistan. Chandpur and Daudkandi liberated.
  • December 10: Liberation of Laksham. Two Bangladeshi ships sunk mistakenly by Indian air attack.
  • December 11: Liberation of Hilli, Mymenshingh, Kushtia and Noakhali. USS Enterprise is deployed by the USA in the Bay of Bengal to intimidate Indian Navy.
  • December 13: Soviet Navy deploys a group of warships to counter USS Enterprise.
  • December 14: Selective genocide of Bengali nationalist intellectuals. Liberation of Bogra.
  • December 16: End of the Bangladesh Liberation War. Mitro Bahini takes Dhaka. East Pakistan Army surrenders to Mitro Bahini represented by Jagjit Singh Aurora of the Indian Army faction of the military coalition.
  • December 22: The provisional government of Bangladesh arrives in Dhaka from exile.

reference: wikipedia

List of countries that have first recognized Bangladesh

List of countries that have first recognized Bangladesh (date-wise):

1  Bhutan 4 December 1971
2  India 6 December 1971
3  Poland 12 January 1972
4  Bulgaria 12 January 1972
5  Burma 13 January 1972
6  Nepal 16 January 1972
7  Barbados 20 January 1972
8  Yugoslavia 22 January 1972
9  Tonga 25 January 1972
10  Soviet Union 26 January 1972
11  Czechoslovakia 26 January 1972
12  Cyprus 26 January 1972
13  Australia 26 January 1972
14  Fiji 26 January 1972
15  New Zealand 26 January 1972
16  Senegal 1 February 1972
17  United Kingdom 4 February 1972
18  West Germany 4 February 1972
19  Finland 4 February 1972
20  Denmark 4 February 1972

21  Sweden 4 February 1972
22  Norway 4 February 1972
23  Iceland 4 February 1972
24  Israel 6 February 1972
25  Japan 8 February 1972
26  Luxembourg 11 February 1972
27  Netherlands 11 February 1972
28  Belgium 11 February 1972
29  Ireland 11 February 1972
30  Italy 12 February 1972
31  France 14 February 1972
32  Canada 14 February 1972
33  Singapore 16 February 1972
34  Mauritius 20 February 1972
35  Turkey 22 February 1974
36  Pakistan 22 February 1974
37  Iran 22 February 1974
39  China 31 August 1975

reference: wikipedia

Visa policy for Bangladeshi citizens

Visa requirements for Bangladeshi citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Bangladesh by the authorities of other states. Bangladesh do not allow for his citizens to visit Israel.

Visa Free Access
Visa on Arrival and eVisa
Visa Required

According to the Visa Restrictions Index, holders of a Bangladeshi passport can visit 39 countries visa-free or with visa on arrival.

Visa Free Access

List of countries which do not require visa for Bangladeshi citizens.

 Country Remarks
 Bahamas 4 weeks
 Barbados 6 months
 Dominica 6 months
 Fiji 4 months
 Gambia 90 days
 Grenada 3 months
 Haiti 3 months
 Indonesia 30 days. No visa required for Diplomatic & Official Passport holders
 Lesotho 90 days
 Micronesia 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 month
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Vanuatu 30 days


Visa on Arrival

List of countries provide on arrival visa for Bangladeshi citizens.

 Country Remarks
Bolivia 90 days
Cape Verde
Guinea-Bissau 90 days
Madagascar 90 days
Maldives 30 days
Mauritania Available at Nouakchott–Oumtounsy International Airport.
Mozambique 30 days
Nepal 30 days
Nicaragua 90 days
Samoa 60 days
Seychelles 3 months
Timor-Leste 30 days
Togo 7 days
Tuvalu 1 month
Uganda May apply online.
eVisa Required – May apply online earlier to get eVisa
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Australia May apply online.
 Gabon Electronic visa holders must arrive via Libreville International Airport.
 Kenya 3 months
 Myanmar 28 days. eVisa holders must arrive via Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay airports.

Visa Required

Visa required for Bangladeshi citizens to visit following list of countries. Special permissions are shown in remarks column.

 Country Remarks
 Austria Visa not required if holding Schengen Visa
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Burkina Faso
 Central African Republic
 Costa Rica
 Côte d’Ivoire
 Cuba Tourist Cards (Tarjeta de Turista) must be obtained prior to arrival in Cuba for a maximum stay of 30 days.
 Czech Republic
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Dominican Republic
 El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea
 Georgia eVisa available for holders of a valid Schengen visa or a valid visa from any of the OECD member countries; or a valid residence permit of a Schengen or OECD country.
 India No visa required for Diplomatic & Official Passport holders
 Kuwait Visa on arrival for Diplomatic & Official passport holders
 Laos Unless travelling on an official visit and holding an official letter of guarantee issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Laos
 Lebanon In addition to a visa, an approval should be obtained from the Immigration department of the General Directorate for General Secutiy (La Surete Generale).
 Macedonia Approval from the Ministry of Interior required
 Malawi From 1 October 2015 visitors should generally obtain a visa in advance.
 Marshall Islands
 New Zealand
 North Korea
 Oman Bangadeshi holding GCC Visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives etc.) are granted a visit Visa on Arrival if they are coming directly from a GCC Country Bangadeshi holding GCC Visa of certain categories (managers, sales executives etc.) are granted a visit Visa on Arrival if they are coming directly from a GCC Country
 Papua New Guinea
 Republic of the Congo
 Rwanda Visa can be obtained online.
 Saint Lucia
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa can be obtained online.
 Saudi Arabia
 Serbia Visa free for a maximum stay of 90 days for valid visa holders or residents of the European Union member states and the United States.
 Sierra Leone
 Singapore May obtain online. No visa required for Diplomatic & Official passport holders
 Solomon Islands
 Somalia Visa on arrival for 30 days, provided an invitation letter issued by the sponsor has been submitted  to the Airport Immigration Department at least 2 days before arrival.
 South Africa
 South Korea
 South Sudan
 Sri Lanka
 Turkey No visa required for Diplomatic & Official passport holders
 United Arab Emirates
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Vatican City

reference: wikipedia

Visa policy of Bangladesh for foreigners

Peoples Republic of Bangladesh requires all foreigners to obtain permission to enter its own territory. All the Visas are issued by Bangladesh missions located throughout the world or on arrival to Bangladesh. Extensions are available at the Department of Immigrations and Passport of Bangladesh, and fees vary  country by country. Most foreigners require a Bangladeshi visa to enter Bangladesh.

Visa exemption for Bangladesh

According to data provided by IATA, citizens of the following 23 countries are exempt from visa requirement to enter Bangladesh:

  1. Barbados
  2. Bhutan
  3. Botswana
  4. Burkina Faso
  5. Fiji
  6. Gabon
  7. Gambia
  8. Ghana
  9. Grenada
  10. Guinea
  11. Guinea-Bissau
  12. Jamaica
  13. Lesotho
  14. Malawi
  15. Maldives
  16. Papua New Guinea
  17. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  18. Samoa
  19. Seychelles
  20. Sierra Leone
  21. Tanzania
  22. Tonga
  23. Zambia

Visa on arrival

According to data provided by IATA, the following countries are specifically enumerated as countries whose citizens can obtain visa on arrival for the purpose of official duty, business, investment and tourism regardless of the Bangladeshi mission status:

  • EU / EFTA
  • Australia
  • Bahrain
  • Canada
  • China
  • Japan
  • Kuwait
  • Malaysia
  • New Zealand
  • Oman
  • Qatar
  • Russia
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • South Korea
  • United States
  • United Arab Emirates

Visa on arrival for Non-ordinary passports

Additionally, only holders of diplomatic and official passports of the following countries do not require visas for Bangladesh:

  • Belarus
  • China (on duty)
  • Estonia
  • India (diplomatic only)
  • Indonesia (on duty)
  • Japan (diplomatic only)
  • Malaysia
  • Myanmar
  • North Korea
  • Philippines (on duty)
  • Russia (on duty)
  • South Korea
  • Sri Lanka
  • Swaziland
  • Turkey (diplomatic only)
  • Ukraine (on duty)
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Vietnam

According to data provided by IATA, citizens of all other countries without a Bangladeshi mission or arriving from such countries may obtain a visa on arrival for the maximum stay of 30 days, except the following 24 (unless they are residing in a country without a Bangladeshi representation):

  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Egypt
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Libya
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • South Africa
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam


No Visa Required seal

Bangladesh missions provide a No Visa Required (NVR) seal for Bangladeshis holding foreign passport and nationality as well as to non-Bangladeshis who are descendants/relation of Bangladeshis. This seal allows the passenger to travel to Bangladesh on multiple occasions without restrictions on duration within the validity of the visa.

The No Visa Required facility is valid until the validity of the passport and can be transferred to the new passport of the same person as required.

Alternative visa policy information

Visa policy of Bangladesh according to the Eligibility Test for Landing Permit (LP) of the Bangladesh Police The Eligibility Test for Landing Permit (LP) provided by the Special Branch gives slightly different visa policy information.

reference: wikipedia

Check Bio-metric Registered SIMs by your NID

Presently following Mobile Operators are working in Bangladesh-

  1. Grameenphone
  2. Banglalink GSM
  3. Robi
  4. Airtel
  5. TeleTalk


And all of the active SIMs are registered using Bio-metric information and National ID (NID) card.

People can check how many SIMs have been registered by using a NID (NID that is used to register your own SIM). অর্থাৎ আপনি যে সিম দিয়ে চেক করবেন সেই সিম এ কয়টি মোবাইল নাম্বার রেজিষ্ট্রেশন করা হয়েছে তা বের করতে পারবেন। পাঁচটি টেলিকম অপারেটরের জন্যে এটা বের করার পদ্ধতি ভিন্ন ভিন্ন। নীচে এটি দেখানো হলো। তবে এ পদ্ধতির দূর্বলতা হলো যে NID দিয়ে নিবন্ধন করা সিম থেকে মেসেজ পাঠাবেন সেই NID দিয়ে ওই অপারেটরে কয়টি সিম নিবন্ধন করা হয়েছে শুধুমাত্র সেটাই জানতে পারবেন।

Grameenphone: Write Info in the Message option and Send to 4949 to Check how many SIM Registered under your National ID Card.

Robi: Dial *1600*3# from your Robi Number to Check how many SIM Registered under your National ID Card.

Banglalink: Dial *1600*2# from your Banglalink Number to Check how many SIM Registered under your National ID Card.

Teletalk: Write Info in the Message option and Send to 1600.

Airtel: Dial *121*4444# From your Airtel Number to Check how many SIM Registered under your National ID Card.